Hello Friends,
In this series of post, we’ll learn about Descriptive programming (DP).

There are two ways, QTP uses to recognize the objects present in your application.

1. Object Repository (OR)
2. Descriptive Programming (DP)

First let see how OR works. OR is the simple and default way of object identification in QTP. OR stores groups of properties and values of every object. While you record on application, all the objects you click, are stored in Object Repository.

During the play back QTP use this OR to identify the object on which the action is to be performed.

What is Descriptive programming (DP)?

We’ll use DP when we want to bypass OR. Descriptive programming is used when we want to perform an operation on an object that is not stored in the object repository. This way QTP wont search for the object properties in the OR, but will take it from the DP statement.

Why use Descriptive programming (DP)?

Everything looks fine while automating test using OR then why should I use DP?

Well, there might be many valid reason to do so. Think about a situation – you want to close all opened browser automatically before you start executing your script. Here OR will not help you to identify an object as it is not possible to store all the opened browser objects into OR. Make sense?

No worries! We’ll discuss the need and benefits of DP in detail later in this post. Well examine scenarios where ORs advantages are outweighed by the DP.

I am not very good in vbscript. Is it mandetory to learn vbscript explicitly to write DP?

No. Not at all! Its not mandetory, but yeah.. recommended. For basic opretions and starting with DP, this post will guide you.
Although, for advanced oprations i.e. using COM, AOM, complex framworks etc. vbscript knowledge is the key.

Okie guys! Now, lets start writing DP!

Writing Descriptive Programming (DP):

DP can be written in two ways..

1. Static (by provide the set of properties and values directly)
2. Dynamic (by creating description object)


– In Static method of DP, we provide the set of properties and values directly in a single line, in form of the string arguments.

Here is the format/syntax of DP..
object’s Class Name(“property name:=property value)
Exmp 1: webbutton(Name:=Google Search)

object’s Class Name = webbutton
property name = Name
property value = Google Search

Exmp 2:- Browser(google).page(google).webbutton(name:=Google Search,type:= Submit).click

In above statement, Browser(google) and page(google) are written using OR. And webbutton(name:=Google Search,type:= Submit) is written using DP. Please note that we can write multiple set of properties and values in any DP statement.

webbutton(name:=Google Search).click

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Going through several decisive tasks in choosing the right satellite TV would have consumed most of your valuable time. Now that the selection has been confirmed, its time for you to relax and look into the menu of interesting programs that you want to watch. Yes, its time for choosing your Dish Network programming package. Though you always have an option to choose the package after you place the order but still its better to select the package during the process itself. This would help you choose the available packages and prevent any future discrepancies.

Dish Network offers programming packages that suits your choice and economy. From just $19.99 per month to $84.99 per month subscribers can choose any package as per the need. This satellite TV has channels at the price that you want. Then why choose other satellite TV providers.

Dish Network has exceptionally exciting packages to delight you and your family members. The packages are Americas Top 60, Americas Top 60 plus, Americas Top 120, Americas Top 180 and Americas Everything Pak. Each program package is unique, that covers the versatile tastes of each family member with the best entertainment, sports, news and childrens programming.

Americas Top 60

America’s Top 60 package is the basic programming entry package. The monthly price is $29.99/month. Some dealers offer the same package for just $19.99 a month. Most people choose this package to compare the services with the cable TV. This is the cheapest when compared to cable TV and this package provides programs better than the cable TV at this price. This package covers almost all the major pay channels of United States which include ESPN, CNBC, ABC Family, Nickelodeon, Star Sports etc. with the local channels which is for free(local channels are area specific).

America’s Top 120

This package would cost you $39.99/month. This is the most popular package as it offers 120 all-digitalized channels that includes the best of entertainment, news, movies, childrens and family programs. With all the former provisions it also provides more than 30 commercial-free, CD-quality music channels. The subscribers would also receive the regional sports network(s) depending on the location they live in. It also covers channels like Toon Disney, Soap Net, American Movie Classics, and Turner Classic Movies etc. which were not available with the Americas Top 60 package.

America’s Top 180

If you are a big music buff then here is the thing you are looking for. America’s Top 180 is the Dish Network programming package that offers you a wide range of music TV channels. Along with that you also get channels like History Channels International, Discovery kids, Encore, FOX Movie Channel and more with the all-digitalized Americas Top120 and Americas Top 60 channels at just $49.99/month.

A Dish 500 is required to receive all the channels in the package.

Print server is basically a computer or device which is connected to one or more printers and to client computers over a network.It can accept print jobs from the client computers and allocate the jobs to the printers.
Print Server Advantages
Benefits of print server are enlisted as:
Print server lowers the administrative and management workload due to centralizing local and remote printer management. It allows prioritization of print jobs. It is known that priorities can be assigned to print jobs such that more important jobs are printed before those less important.

Print server allows an administrator to manage and control access to each printer. There are three level of printer permissions, print, manage documents and manage printer. Print permission allows a user to print documents, pause, resume, start and cancel his documents. This permission is granted to everyone in the group.

Manage documents permission is assigned by administrator to selected users when required. With this permission, user can control job settings for all documents. Manage printer permission allows the user to pause and restart the printer, share a printer, adjust printer permissions, change printer properties and change spooler settings.

With the use of print server, client computer jobs are quickly spooled to print server as compared to printer. The main point is that while printing large jobs from an own printer, user may have to leave his computer running until printing task gets completed. But with the use of print server, if any job has been spooled to it, then user can shutdown his system.

A system administrator can easily manage printers with the print server. If your own printer goes down, then you will not be able to print documents. But with the use of print server, when a printer goes down, then the printing job is transferred to other printer.
Print server manages workload on printers such that if one printer has lots of printing jobs, then it will assign some of the jobs to other printers in the network. It means if your printing job is spooled to print server, then it will get completed.

What is nlp? NLP stands for Neuro-Linguistic Programming. It was founded by Bandler and Grinder. The NLP model is a multi-dimensional process involving mind, speech and behaviour; The five senses have their own group of words and phrases.

The Five Modalities Visual – shine some light on, show, get a perspective, I see etc Auditory – tongue-tied, roared like a tiger, listen, say, whine etc Kinaesthetic – turn things around, get a handle on something, I feel, touch etc Olfactory – the sweet smell of success, sweet, perfume etc Gustatory – leave a bad taste in the mouth, tasty, bland, acidic etc

These also contain smaller units of encoding, which are called sub-modalities.

In the consulting room many hypnotherapists use NLP as part of my normal routine, such as using pacing, matching and body-language to build rapport with the client. NLP has also helped many therapists when questioning as it is that found there is more often than not eye movement and this can help you understand where the client may be processing the information, although this mustn’t be relied upon, this is called eye cueing. A large proportion of the NLP model is from Milton Erickson, so this allows NLP to be woven into hypnotherapy with great effect as some NLP techniques are used in a trance state and this allows you to by-pass the -conscious critical faculty’. The main NLP techniques I use in trance are the -Swish’ and the -Rewind’ techniques. Many of these techniques are within hypnotherapy training and training in hypnotherapy can be great fun. The Clifton Practice hypnotherapy clinic and training center in Plymouth, UK provides Practitioner Diploma courses in Hypnotherapy. Accredited as a bona fide hypnosis and hypnotherapy training school by The Hypnotherapy Society, The National Council of Psychotherapists etc.

The main viewers for this examination are ETL and Details Factory Designers. They are most likely to focus on hands-on perform developing company intellect (BI) alternatives including data washing, Draw out Convert Fill (ETL), and Details Factory execution.

Their main obligations may include:
Mastering data using Expert Details Services
Cleansing data using Details Excellent Services
ETL Program development for data loading/transfer/transformation
Data Synchronization
One-time data or application migration
Ad-hoc data manipulations, transformations
Scheduling ETL jobs
Managing, setting up and Applying SQL Server Incorporation Solutions (SSIS) packages

Credit toward Certification
Exam 70-463: Applying a Details Factory with MS SQL Server 2012: number as credit score toward the following certifications:
MCSA: SL Server 2012
MCSE: Details Platform
MCSE: Business Intelligence

Skills Being Measured

This examination measures your ability to accomplish the technical projects listed below. The rates indicate the relative weight of each major subject place on the examination. The higher the percentage, the more questions you are likely to see on that content place on the examination.
1.Design and Apply a Details Factory (11%)
2.Extract and Convert Details (23%)
3.Load Details (27%)
4.Configure and Set up SSIS Solutions (24%)
5.Build Details Excellent Solutions (15%)

What You’ll Learn
In this course, you will understand how to apply information warehouse facilities to support information employee statistics using SQL Server 2012. You will discover how to create an information warehouse with SQL Server 2012, Apply extract, transform, and cargo (ETL) with SQL Server Incorporation Solutions, and confirm and cleanse data with SQL Server Details Excellent Solutions (DQS) and SQL Server Expert Details Solutions.

Data warehouse principles and structure considerations
Select an appropriate elements foundation for an information warehouse
Design and Apply an information warehouse
Apply Details Flow in a SQL Server Incorporation Solutions (SSIS) package
Debug and diagnose SSIS packages
Apply a SSIS solution that can handle small data warehouse plenty and changing data

Integrate reasoning data into a information warehouse environment infrastructure
Apply data washing using MS DQS
Apply Expert Details Methods to use data reliability at source
Extend SSIS with custom programs and components
Deploy and set up SSIS packages
How information workers can consume data from the details warehouse

Who Needs to Attend

Database experts who need to meet up with a BI programmer role focused on hands-on
Perform; developing BI alternatives included data warehouse execution, ETL, and data cleansing

Database experts responsible for an information warehouse, developing SSIS offers for data removal, running, switching, changing, and Applying data reliability using Expert Details Solutions, and washing data using DQS


Knowledge of relational databases
Basic information of MS Windows systems and its primary functionality

Earning this MS Certified Solutions Affiliate (MCSA): SQL Server 2012 qualification verifies that you have the essential abilities needed to develop and maintain mission-critical MS SQL Server 2012 surroundings

MCSA: SQL Server 2012 qualification is your first step towards generating an MCSE: Details Platform qualification or an MCSE: Business Intelligence qualification.

The computer cannot understand English or any other common language. The internet is a network of such computers that do not understand the language that the common man understands. This means that a domain name typed in like www.yourdomain.com will not mean anything to the computer. This domain name that you type in needs to be translated into a string of numbers for the computer to understand it. This string of numbers is called IP Address. It looks like this:

It is not easy to remember a string of numbers like a domain name. Hence, we use domain names that we can understand and those domain names have corresponding IP Addresses that the computer can understand. But if this has to work, then every domain name should be translated into an IP Address that the computer understands. This translation is done by Name Servers. A name server is familiar with a domain name and their corresponding IP Addresses. Name Servers are also called Domain Name System Servers or DNS Servers.

All the information from all the name servers around the world is stored in a central registry. It takes between 8 and 48 hours for all the information to be updated in the central registry when a new domain name is registered. Name Servers from around the world can access this registry and when the domain name is requested, they can get the corresponding IP Address from this registry.

A domain name, when registered, needs at least two name servers. These are usually ns1.nameservername.com and ns2.nameservername.com. Here, “nameservername” is the name of the server. The first one is the primary name server and the second one is the secondary name server. The secondary name server acts as a backup that comes into effect only when the first name server is not responding.

Certain steps need to be followed while registering a domain name. These may differ a little depending on the registrar, but most of the steps are the same.

If you need to register a .com domain name, the steps are given below :
1. You get an account with the domain name registrar when you register a domain name. Log into your account with the registrar.
2. You will see an option to manage your domain name within your account console.
3. Select the domain name for which you want a name server. This will open a page for managing the domain.
4. Select “add name servers” on this page under the name server details section.
5. Enter the name and IP Address of the new name server and click on “Add”.
6. You should get a confirmation message indication that you have added a new name server once you are done with registering it.
7. Normally, you can start using the new name server immediately.


Before you head on out to pick up Dell Tower Servers, one of the most important things for you to understand is that having a warranty on these items will be essential. While one would hope nothing ever goes wrong with the system that they purchase, the truth of the matter is just like anything else equipment can fail and it will often do so when you least expect it.

You will find that the warranty that you have in place is going to be your insurance policy that will aid you when something goes wrong. After all, the last thing you will want is to have your computer system non-operational when it is your peak season.

What you will want to keep in mind when you are looking at this warranty is the fact that it is designed to last you for a reasonable amount of time that you own the machine. For example, a server will typically last you around five years before you are going to need to upgrade it and exchange it for a new one. Because of that, you will want to ensure that you choose a five year warranty when it is available on these machines. However, if your company tends to do a considerable number of upgrades regularly, the standard three year option could be just as effective.

It will be important that you dont end up assuming that you are not going to run into any issues when you are purchasing a Dell Tower Server. While the models are respectable and dont typically have a number of issues, having the warranty is going to be that vital safety net that protects you from possible hardware failure. Basic warranties in this respect will usually only cover hardware failure and a limited selection of other items.

Keep in mind that these basic warranties are ones that typically come with every server. What you will need to determine is what additional warranty types and periods of time you will need to keep yourself best protective with these units. Sometimes the best choice can be to stick with Dell, while others will find that an extended warranty through a third party dealer can be a better overall choice for these servers.

Of course, before you end up choosing to go this route, you will need to ensure that you understand the terms and conditions that are in place for the warranty. This can be everything from how and where you store your server to handling your own minor repairs as the last thing you will want to do is to have your server no longer covered as a result of you handling these problems on your own.

Stepin2IT is one of the fastest growing training organizations inNorth America. We are committed to be the training provider of choice for individuals and organizations alike. We are a growth-oriented, customer-focused, integrated training organization focused on delivering Hands on IT training which believes in Transforming IT education into job skills. Were a conservatively run organization with a laser sharp focus on delivering IT programs rich in content and one that provides a great value addition to your skill set.
This course is customized to impart training in advanced concepts of Java such as Struts, EJB and Hibernate. Java is a technology that aims to simplify the design and implementation of enterprise applications. STEPIN2IT is one of the best institutes for JAVA & J2EE training as most of our students have been easily managed to find placement right after the training. JAVA & J2EE course is designed as per the Industry standard.

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COURSE PREREQUISITES: Basics of Java programming, Windows OS and at least 1 programming language, logic building, OOPS concepts or 1-2 years of basic Java programming experience.



Course Objectives: The demand of complex & distributed software development requires full scale programming knowledge of the language while following the standards and industry best practices. This program is designed to bring programmers with limited experience up to speed quickly starting with some frequently used concepts in the industry and progressing into more complex & structured programming concepts. Emphasis is on practicing and implementing the language while building a project resulting in learning the concepts and enabling implementation of the same. It is a fast-paced course with hands-on programming and feedback/facilitation from the Instructor enabling easy learning of the subject while gaining valuable insight into the world of Java programming.

This program is for IT professionals and graduates with some experience in programming and logic building. At least 1-2 years of programming background is required. It is OPEN to people wanting to start a career in Java programming (Some pre requisites may be required like college education or Java Beginner course etc.)

This course is for IT professionals with some knowledge of Manual Testing, Developers, Test Analysts, Testers, Automation Developers, Programmer Analysts & Technical Support resources.

NTP Server Operation

A NTP server can operate in three modes: unicast; anycast and multicast. In unicast and anycast modes, the client transmits a NTP request message to the server. The server responds with a NTP time message that the client uses for time synchronisation. In multicast mode, NTP time messages are broadcast at periodic specified intervals.

NTP Reference Clocks

Primary NTP servers can synchronise with a number of external reference time sources. The GPS (Global Positioning System) is often used to provide an accurate timing reference. There is also a number of national time and frequency radio broadcasts available. The WWVB radio time broadcast is transmitted from Colorado and covers most of the US. The DCF-77 radio time signal is broadcast from Frankfurt, Germany, and covers much of central and Western Europe. The MSF radio time signal is broadcast from Rugby, UK, and covers the British Isles and much of Western Europe. Other local time and frequency radio broadcasts include: TDF, France, and CHU, Canada.

NTP Versions

The current release of NTP is version 4. The only significant modification to the protocol between versions 3 and 4 is a slight header re-interpretation to accommodate IPv6.

SNTP Simple Network Time Protocol

SNTP is a simplification of the Network Time Protocol, where the complexities of the full-blown protocol are not required. SNTP can be implemented when the high synchronisation performance of NTP is not required. The message format of the SNTP protocol is almost identical to that of the NTP protocol. However, the complex subroutines designed to maintain a highly accurate synchronised time are removed or simplified. Small computers with reduced processing power, such as micro-controllers or monitoring equipment most often use SNTP. The SNTP and NTP protocols are fully interchangeable, a SNTP client can synchronise to a NTP server without any issues.

More Information: NTP RFC’s

The original Network Time Protocol was introduced in RFC 958 (Request for Comments: 958). The full NTP version 3 protocol and synchronisation algorithms are described in RFC 1305. The SNTP version 4 protocols are described in RFC 2030.

Everyday there is increasing number of IT Company in both developing and developed countries. Server Management Services is a freelancing solution that controls the everyday functions of web servers, keeps companies current with technology and best methods, and decreases expenses. This set of services standardizes server functions, provides the employees and skills to help your web servers run effectively, and helps you to save your business money. A dedicated server gives you a far higher amount of server space to use – the entire machine, in fact – and is a great choice for high-volume sites that need continuous attention. You can use this kind of web page hosting and get handled assistance, where your host company provides complete or limited assistance for your server, or unmanaged. Often, you will have complete main access to set up whatever you will require on you devoted server and the company will handle everything up to the application part.

The company environment is never stand still and this demands companies to constantly scale up and mange their IT features. IT Company requires careful planning and control of data centers, data source, remote features control, features, protection solutions and problem solving company networks. In any network system whether you opt for dedicated or Virtual System Server management services play very inevitable role. Server management System help to improve usage of IT features, maintain IT service a continual, minimize protection risks and, considerably bring down the features expenses as well.

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