We all like to think that we are never going to be involved in a crisis or any scenario where risk is running high. Unfortunately for some, their day-to-day jobs involve encountering risk and putting their lives at risk for the good of others.

Very often, working in high risk environments can be difficult, especially if its on foreign soil. Not knowing your surroundings and working with people from different cultures can often be very stressful work. This is where GPS technology can help.

GPS Technology utilises a network of satellites orbiting earth to send and transmit signals back to devices on the ground, at sea and in the air. Satellite technology is ideal for people working in remote locations as it doesnt rely on cell towers and the signal is transmitted directly to the satellite from the device. In certain circumstances, i.e. in a dense forest or built up city area the signal may falter a little but at sea, in the air or on the ground it is usually a very reliable technology and helps teams in situations liaise with central management teams regarding locations, risk and general communication.

The areas of high impact when it comes to Crisis Management technology are places like the 3rd world countries. These countries often span a vast area of expansive land and aid workers travel from village to village trying make sure inhabitants get what they need to survive. Naturally, as people try to do good others will try to hijack this work for their own needs.

This is a perfect example of where Crisis Management technology can help. Not only do the central teams know the exact location of the convoys but they can also advise of, and how to avoid, potential risk situations by using the GPS technology at hand, both by tracking and communicating those on the ground.

With GPS Technology is easy for central teams to deploy backup to the exact location of a situation. It enables teams to be responsive with accurate information, which ultimately saves lives and allows for critical missions to succeed.

Environmental Science Fair Project

There are increasing numbers of students who are choosing an environmental science fair project for their school assignments. Hardly a day goes by that there is not some sort of news event on the television regarding the problems we are facing with the environment. These students are choosing an environmental science fair project for school because they are interested in studying this area of science. Many of these students are very devoted to finding solutions to the current environmental crises. They have the long term vision that many adults lack by realizing that what we do now will affect the planet in a positive or negative way for years, decades, and/or centuries to come. They are taking this devotion to the cause and choosing an environmental science fair project as their topic of study.

An environmental science fair project can be presented on a wide variety of specific topics. Issues surrounding soil use and preservation are some of the most popular. These issues deal with loss of topsoil, which is where all the plant life is grown. This type of environmental science project can also examine the effects of runoff on the waterways of the world. The silting of rivers is a major concern due to the detrimental effects to plants and animals that rely on oxygenated water for survival. An environmental science fair project may also cover the issues surrounding the use of pesticides and other chemicals on the soil and surrounding wildlife. Students who demonstrate aptitude in these areas will likely continue their passion into their careers as agricultural scientists.

Other students who choose an environmental science fair project could focus on the latest increases in greenhouse gases around the Earth. While the task may sound too monumental for an environmental science fair project, there are ways to scale down the project. These projects are scientifically accurate and if properly implemented and documented can lead to the answers we are in need of to address this issue. Likewise, the study of animals such as frogs can lead to knowledge that can be applied on a larger scale. Frogs are the litmus paper for the health of water, and students can gather information in their local areas to determine the health of ponds and streams.

Voice over Internet protocol (VoIP) technology has become standard in many offices and storefronts. It provides higher bandwidth and better capabilities than traditional phone lines. Faxing has changed because of the introduction of VoIP technology. Traditional fax machines that used modulated sound to transmit data are being replaced by software-based digital systems. Small businesses can benefit in a number of ways by switching to fax over IP technology.


One of the ways fax over IP can help a small business is by improving the reliability of transmissions. Traditional faxes rely on signal modulation to send and receive data. Inconsistencies in the telephone lines, minor hardware issues and even different fax machines can cause these transmissions to fail or to become corrupted. The fax over IP technology is digital and the data has a very low to non-existent chance of loss. This makes digital faxes far more reliable.

Lower Costs

Fax over VoIP will save small businesses money over traditional faxing technologies. VoIP protocols can be sent across any network line. They can also be interpreted by a wide range of technologies from computers to multifunction printers and even mobile devices. This makes it unnecessary to maintain dedicated phone lines. It also decouples faxing from older fax machines that require constant maintenance, paper and toner.

Environmentally Friendly

Sending fax over VOIP in a network through a line can be done completely electronically. Small businesses do not need to feed a paper printout of an invoice or report into a machine. Similarly, faxes that have been received do not need to be printed immediately or at all. Sending and receiving faxes can be done through a software interface. Faxes can be sent and received as digital files that are viewed on computer screens or mobile devices. This allows a small business to be more environmentally friendly without having to sacrifice the convenience of faxing.

Better Access for Employees

The traditional way of sending faxes involved loading a machine, dialing a number and then waiting for a confirmation. This is time consuming and inefficient especially when multiple people need to send a fax. Fax over IP technology makes it possible for employees to send faxes seamlessly from a desktop or other device. The fax can be added as a network device similar to a printer. Employees can simply send documents to the fax from within different programs.

Higher Quality Faxes

A large benefit for modern businesses is higher quality faxes. Fax over IP can encode documents created digitally. There are no scanning or resolution issues. People who receive the fax will see the document exactly as it was created. This can make it easier to send documents that include detailed charts, small graphics or complex illustrations. The individual pixel will not run together and become illegible because of issues with an optical scanner at the last minute.

There are many computer science scholarships for students working towards these exciting careers. The following are considered to be the top 10:

1. AFCEA Educational Foundation Scholarship: The AFCEAs $2,000 General John A. Wickham Scholarships are awarded to full-time sophomore, junior or senior students with GPAs of 3.5 or higher who are enrolled full time in aerospace, computer engineering, computer science, electrical engineering, math or physics programs at accredited four-year institutions.

2. $2,000 Alice L. Haltom Educational Fund: These computer science scholarships are awarded in $2,000 increments for students working towards a bachelors degree and $1,000 increments for students working towards an associates degree.

3. ESA Foundation Computer and Video Game Scholarship: The ESA Foundation established these $3,000 scholarships in 2007 for women and minorities attending or planning to attend accredited four-year colleges and universities and working towards degrees that will lead to careers in the computer and video game industries.

4. Intel Science Talent Search: These $100,000 computer science scholarships go to one lucky college student each year. Applicants must submit applications by November 17 for the following year.

5. NFB Computer Science Scholarship: The NVM provides about 30 scholarships each year at its national convention to U.S. blind students who participate in the entire NFB convention and are pursuing or planning to pursue full-time, postsecondary studies (except for one scholarship given to a part-time student working full time).

6. ThinkQuest Internet Challenge: $5,000 computer science scholarships from the Oracle Education Foundation are available to teams of students through this international website-building competition.

7. SWE Scholarship Program: $10,000 scholarships are awarded to female students in accredited bachelors or masters programs preparing for computer science, engineering and engineering technology careers.

8. UC/Edison International Scholarship Program: These $15,000 computer science scholarships are available to community college transfer students planning to finish B.S. degrees in computer science, engineering, life science, math, physical science or technology.

9. Upsilon Pi Epsilon Student Award for Academic Excellence: UPE offers several $500 scholarships to computer science students who excel in their national competition.

10. XEROX Technical Minority Scholarship Program: $10,000 computer science scholarships are available for minority students pursuing technology careers.

Find the perfect Computer School today and start your path to a rewarding career.

I guess it isn’t difficult now to relate technology with online education. Online education has grown from an infant to a teenager and then to an adult along with the growth of technology. Now is the time when even the traditional “brick and mortar” principle following schools are implementing technology in their teaching methods. Technology is the building brick of the online education system. It enhances the capabilities of an online institution in imparting education more effectively and efficiently.

Technology in online education is not just limited to means used for delivering lectures and checking assignments and papers, but is more far spread. The introduction of Medias like blogs, wikis and forums etc has added the cherry on the icing. Students now communicate with other students from all over the world. They showcase their talents on these blogs and forums. Their talents can be in the forum of articles, researches, journals, designs etc Blogs and forums allow all sort of material to be showcased. This way, students reach a much wider horizon. The chances of their talents being recognized and appreciated increases without approximate. They not only share their information but also learn a lot from other students views and additions. They learn to improve. They are faced with more job opportunities than ever.

Technology also improves social networking. The internet, the biggest venture of technology, is a place where people come from all over the world. One particular site may have visitors from Kuwait, Malaysia, Africa, Honolulu and where not! Using the social networking sites specially tailored for students, they can participate in online classes, debate with experts and other students. This way they increase their opportunities for jobs as well.

The next advent of technology, the mobile phone technology, virtual worlds and educational gaming technology have just come into scenario. However these three ventures are predicted to be the next boost to online education. How? This will be seen probably in a very less time. May be just after a couple of years from today, we will be talking about imparting education through mobile phones! Remember this is a technology world now. Nothing is impossible. One thing termed impossible today may be difficult after 10 years and very easily possible after the next 10 years! Technology doesnt remain the same for more than a decade. It advances faster than any other thing.

Thus distance education will also grow with the same speed as technology. They both are interrelated. So as online education is growing with every leap of technology, why dont you check out a topic that appeals you the most? This is the best time for it.

Heres a quick overview of the BSc Management Sciences degree course from the University of Southamptons Management School.

BSc Management Sciences, also known as Operational Research, applies a rational, analytical approach to management, to improve organisational performance.

The decisions associated with management are frequently complex and entail considerable uncertainty, not least because of limited information, time and resources and the motives of different stakeholders.

Using modelling, simulation and other analytical techniques, a management sciences approach can identify alternative strategies and guide practical action.

This BSc Management Sciences degree has been designed to be very flexible, so that you can specialise in your chosen area of interest.

It offers a wide range of options in both mathematical and non-mathematical management sciences.

You will also explore managerial decision-making processes, investigate commonly used management science techniques and assess the means by which people and systems can be managed to improve organisational performance.

In year one there are two optional modules from the School of Management, a language or another approved subject.

In year two there are four optional modules from the School of Management, a language or another approved subject.

In year three there are six optional modules from the School of Management, a language or another approved subject.

As a student on BSc Management Sciences you will be offered high quality tuition based on cutting-edge research.

Your understanding of the subjects covered and your ability to use the knowledge and skills gained will be enhanced through a variety of methods and strategies.

BSc Management Sciences at the University of Southampton now ranks 2nd in the UK, based on the results of the 2008 Research Assessment Exercise.

Southampton was only narrowly beaten by Oxford.

If you would like to learn more about the BSc Management Sciences degree course at the University of Southampton, just go to the Management Schools homepage at www.southampton.ac.uk/management

So you graduated with a bachelor of science degree and you dont want to become a doctor, dentist or work in a lab. You also dont intend to pursue a graduate degree in science either as scientific research is not really your calling. So you might be thinking about what type of careers and jobs are open for university or college graduates with science degrees.

I was in that same situation many years ago as I felt that I would prefer wearing a business suit rather than a lab coat for my working career. I wasnt interested in Petri dishes, Bunsen burners, flasks or dissection tools anymore. I wanted to carry a snazzy briefcase and have business luncheons instead.
So I was fortunate enough to stumble into a career field that I would stay in for fourteen very lucrative and rewarding years. This career was in pharmaceutical sales which turned out to be a perfect match of science and business.

There are many perks and benefits when working as a drug rep in the pharmaceutical industry. Salaries and bonuses could amount to six figures for high achievers and there is the use of a company car. Corporate expense accounts are also available for business entertaining. There are also the travel opportunities that are paid for by the company as many sales meetings as well as medical conventions are often located at nice places.
Being a pharmaceutical sales representative also means that there is a lot of freedom and independence with the job as fixed working shifts are no longer the way for a drug rep. Even better is that for 95% of the time, there is no boss to look over your shoulder while on the job.

Being a drug rep also has some intangible rewards I didnt expect when I first started. The field involves working with medical professionals to bring them useful products that will greatly benefit their patients. Drug reps with pharmaceutical sales forces can be considered as part of the overall health care team since they are playing an important role in helping patients.

So if you are a science graduate and want to do something in business rather than in a purely scientific field, consider pharmaceutical sales as a viable career option.

Today, many technology innovations provide great functionality at lower price, giving more values to customers and stimulate mobile consumer market. The trend had shifted the consumers closer to business where on-line transaction can be done through simple clicks at palm.

Product designers have played a great role in improving interfaces for better information presentation over mobile devices. Many technology corporations have been engineering on artificial intelligence to humanize handheld devices into a better personal assistant. In the most familiar face, Siri technology in iPhone 4S is the most advance implementation of voice recognition technology that can help the owner to get things done by asking.
Geographical location technology must also be accredited for the success of Mobile Commerce. In order to deliver location service, mobile device tracks individual physical location as he or she moves about. Without many consumers knowing, some data-mining company use the Global Position System (GPS) to track their movement for market research. As such, this help researchers to study the consumers’ habits and behavior to exploit further possible technologies to complement lifestyle.

With much convenience provided through GSM (Global System for Mobile Communication), the most common cellular standard, extended by the GPRS (General Packet Radio System), banks and payment gateways have adopted token authentication as the best practice for safe mobile transaction. Soon to be true, more consumers will have a better reason to switch to cashless payment after the announcement of NXP Semiconductors N.V. secure contact-less Near Field Communication (NFC) technology solution.

On top of the cutting-edge technology, mobile web platform is available today to help company engages in the development and management of mobile site without much complexity. It is an on-line system that provides convenience to member of staff to manage the entire mobile web site without the need for any technical knowledge. For many business owners, this is thought to be highly sustainable and cost-effective than the traditional method of engaging highly paid professional to work on project based web development. A mobile site builder helps organisation to suit their mobile site exactly to the company image without compromising its security.

Strong infrastructure combines with innovative technological ideas give additional earning opportunities to vendors with reliable products. Besides setting up a physical store, a virtual business is equally important to attract technology savvy consumers who tend to leverage on the social network to search for better deals in the vast internet space.

Are you ready for Mobile Commerce?

If you bring up forensics in a conversation, those involved will often start thinking of scenes from the television show CSI (Crime Scene Investigation). It’s synonymous with scouring crime scenes for minute clues to help criminal investigators create leads in various cases.

Because of the misunderstanding that’s developed about criminal investigations and forensics, many don’t realize that there is an acute difference between forensics and forensic science.

Currently, forensic science gets shortened in most discussions to “forensics.” The word “forensic” actually relates to debates, and comes from the Latin word “forensis” or “of or before the forum.” This concept became most prominent in ancient Rome where both the accused and the accuser involved in a judicial case had to advance their arguments in front of a public forum. This led to the usage of the term “forensics” for both public debate and the presentation of legal evidence.

This concept of “evidence” is what has caused it to run parallel and merge with forensic science. As the judicial system evolved, so, too, did the evidence that was required in cases. No longer was it a matter of verbal debate; instead other forms of evidence were necessary. The concept, that being “forensic” or “before the forum” still holds true. The only thing that has changed is the type of evidence that’s being presented.

While some modern dictionaries will actually merge the two and provide similar or identical definitions, they are quite separate by origin and practical application.

The term forensics refers to public debate which includes the presentation of evidence and rhetoric. Forensic Science is something different. It deals specifically with the gathering, identification, research, and scientific interpretation of evidence to determine such things as who was involved in a crime.

In addition to confusing the terms forensics and forensic science, people often mistake forensic science for criminalistics. However, it’s important to keep these terms in context too. Forensic science involves any discipline that can be applied to evidence. Criminalistics is just one of the subdivisions of forensic science.

Some of the disciplines that fall under the umbrella of “forensic science” are:

-Computer Forensics -Forensic Accounting -Forensic Audio Engineering -Forensic Linguistics -Forensic Pathology -Forensic Psychology -Forensic Engineering -Criminalistics

Criminalistics itself is the scientific discipline which brings together various natural sciences such as biology and chemistry to the examination, identification, and comparison of certain types of evidence. Criminalists deal with biological evidence including DNA and bodily fluids, trace evidence such as fibers, hair, and soil, and impression evidence such as fingerprints and tire tracks. They also are involved with ballistics, drug analysis, crime scene photography and reconstruction.

As you can see, the forensic sciences deal specifically with the research and examination of evidence so that such evidence can be admitted to and used within the legal system. Forensics on the other hand should be viewed not as the science behind the evidence, but as the presentation and use of the research once it’s completed.

Open source technologies have emerged as a serious threat to proprietary software owing to their free to use nature. The popularity of open source technologies has forced companies selling proprietary software to roll out cheaper versions of their software. It has also forced these companies to innovate and add value to their existing range of software products.

Open Source Technologies when used to develop ERP systems have the potential to drastically reduce the marketing, distribution and sales costs of organizations selling ERP software. Existing proprietary ERP systems are too costly to install and require a lot of customization to suit the specific requirements of an enterprise. Open source softwares allow the source code to be modified by users in line with the changing dynamics of the market. Proprietary systems, on the other hand, do not give such freedom to users and for every modification; users have to depend on the vendor. This proves to be a costly exercise but since proprietary systems are slightly more secure than open source systems; organizations that are paranoid about security usually opt for the former.

Open source technologies are an ideal way for companies to execute internal projects at the lowest cost. If the applications that need to be developed do not have a bearing on customer satisfaction then the sensible way to develop them would be to use open source technologies. However, customer facing websites and applications would require the support of a vendor if the applications have been built using open source technologies.

By exerting a downward pressure on price, open source alternatives indirectly help in improving the PC penetration in developing countries as more number of people are able to take advantage of software systems to improve their daily lives. Open source technologies also help companies to reduce the cost of setting up and maintaining their telecom infrastructure. Open Source Technologies have helped students, amateurs, professionals and those in the SOHO segment of the market to build applications without bothering about software and licensing costs.

Open source technologies have helped immensely in the promotion of e-learning technologies. Being free to use they have helped in lowering the cost of delivery and therefore helped a larger section of the audience to take advantage of open source technologies. Shopping cart solutions built on the open source platform have helped companies to set up and maintain online storefronts at very low costs. Easy availability of shopping cart solutions has helped in the development of an internet economy.